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姜永志心理博客(Muddy)

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姜永志,男(1984---),汉族,内蒙古通辽人,西北师范大学心理学专业硕士毕业,内蒙古民族大学教育科学学院教师,主要从事心理学基本理论、本土与文化心理,民族与社会心理学教学科研工作。

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中国人老乡观念的心理表征及其心理机制  

2010-06-22 21:46:27|  分类: 心理学学术研究 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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  (发表于辽宁师大学报社科版2010年第4期)

 

               中国人老乡观念的心理表征及其心理机制

                                                              姜永志1 张海钟2

(1 西北师范大学教育学院,甘肃兰州 730070 中国;2 兰州城市学院教育学院,甘肃兰州 730070 中国)

摘 要:老乡观念是“当个体在异地面对不熟悉的情境时,遇到家乡人而在心里产生的对家乡人的语言、文化、情感、生活方式、价值观念、宗教习俗等的一种积极的情感卷入和趋同心理倾向的过程。”它不是一种心理状态,而是一种涉及到认知和情感的心理过程。它的形成是以心理地域图式为基础,情感连结为纽带,通过老乡间的情感归属,最终外显为老乡行为。在老乡观念心理表征的组成因素中,心理地域图式是最基本的心理表征单元,它提供了个体或群体生存所必需的关于过去、现在和未来的完整意识经验,这种意识经验的流动性也使老乡观念的心理表征随着环境不断的变化而进行必要的调整。老乡观念的心理机制是个体原有的心理地域图式与新环境中的心理地域图式相契合的过程。当心理地域图式与新环境相契合时,个体便不会通过再认知来重新构建身份,区分内群体与外群体,不会形成对某一群体的情感归属,不会产生老乡观念;反之,当不能契合时,个体就会产生心理冲突,体验到外群体的压力,形成对外群体威胁的恐惧,此时个体就会进行身份的重新建构,区分内群体与外群体,寻求一种情感归属,进而完成老乡观念的建构。

 关键词:老乡观念;心理表征;心理机制;心理图式;建构

中图分类号:B84-0       文章标识码:A

 

Mental Representation and Mechanism of the fellow townsman concept in Chinese

                                             Jiang Yong-Zhi1, Zhang Hai-Zhong2

              (1 School of Education, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070 China;

              2 School of Education, Lanzhou City University, Lanzhou 730070, China)

Abstract Fellow townsman concept is a positive emotion involvement and convergent process of psychological tendency for fellow townsman's language, culture, emotion, life styles, values, religious customs, and so on, which occurs when people confront with an unfamiliar situation, happened to meet with a hometowns-man in a strange place. It is not a mental state, while it refers to the the cognitive and affective mental process. Its formation is based on the mental-area schema, and emotional ownership served as a link, through the emotion attribution, it eventually become explicit behavior. Among the components of the mental representation of the fellow townsman concept, mental-area schema is the basic unit, which provides essentially conscious experience about the past, present and future for individual or group survival, and the mobility of this conscious has caused the mental representation of the fellow townsman concept to make necessary adjustments accord to the constantly environmental variation. The psychological mechanisms of the fellow townsman concept is a fitting process between individual's original mental-area schema and mental-area schema for new environment. When the mental-area schema fits well with the new environment, individual would not have to re-construct identity via recognition so as to distinguish in-group and out-group, and can't form an affective belongingness for a typical group, so won't generate the fellow townsman concept. Contrarily, if they didn't fit, they will rise a psychological conflict, and experiencing the stress come from the out-group, and forms a fear for the out-group threat, thus, people will re-construct their identity, differentiate the in- or out-group, seeking a feeling of belonging, then complete the construction of the fellow townsman concept.   

Key words Fellow townsman concepts; Mental representation; Psychological mechanism; Mental schema; Construction.

 
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