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姜永志心理博客(Muddy)

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姜永志,男(1984---),汉族,内蒙古通辽人,西北师范大学心理学专业硕士毕业,内蒙古民族大学教育科学学院教师,主要从事心理学基本理论、本土与文化心理,民族与社会心理学教学科研工作。

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中国老乡心理效应的理论探索与实证研究(心理科学进展2012年第8期)  

2012-06-06 10:53:01|  分类: 心理学学术研究 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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中国老乡心理效应的理论探索与实证研究

姜永志1    张海钟2   张鹏英3

(1内蒙古民族大学教育科学学院心理学系, 内蒙古通辽 028000)

(2兰州城市学院教育学院城市社会心理研究中心, 兰州 730070) (3西北师范大学教育学院心理学系, 兰州 730070)

 

摘  要 老乡心理的本质是祖籍族群认同。中国人的老乡心理表现在离开家乡到外地后对家乡的怀念、对家乡人的依恋、对家乡方言的认同、老乡之间的相互帮助行为乃至老乡之间的组织行为。研究发现, 老乡心理效应由语言认同、文化认同、情感认同、习俗认同、地域认同等成分组成, 必备条件由中心因素和外围因素构成, 中心因素包括离家在外、地缘切近、文化趋同和相互扶持。采用群体参照效应的研究范式, 考察在本地和外地上学的大学生对老乡的参照效应, 发现被试在外地时, 参照本省(市)人加工的回忆成绩显著优于其他参照条件, 对本省(市)人表现出参照效应; 被试在本地时, 各参照条件下回忆成绩没有差异。老乡心理是形成区域心理性格的基础, 也是区域文化差异与人格差异相互作用的重要标志。老乡心理是民族认同、国家认同的心理基础。老乡认同的核心是社会文化认同, 社会文化认同以语言认同为内核。

关键词  老乡心理效应; 理论探索; 实验研究





收稿日期:2011-08-24

基金项目:国家社会科学基金西部项目(08XSH009)资助。

通讯作者:张海钟, E-mail: zhanghzh2006@126.com  姜永志, E-mail: jiangyongzhi7@yahoo.com.cn

A Theoretical Exploration and Empirical Research on the Fellow-Townsman Reference Effect in China

JIANG Yong-Zhi1; ZHANG Hai-Zhong2; ZHANG Peng-Ying3

(1 College of Education Sciences, Inner Mongolia University for Nationalities, Tongliao 028000, China)

(2 College of Education, Lanzhou City University, Lanzhou 730070, China)

(3 College of Education, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China)

Abstract: This paper believes that the essence of fellow-townsman concept is native and ethnic identify, it is expressed as to miss home after leave the home town, attachment to old folk, native dialect identity, helping behavior between fellow-townsman and even organizational behavior between fellow-townsman. The core of fellow-townsman identity is social identity, but the core of social and cultural identity is language identity, fellow-townsman psychological effects consisted of linguistic identity, cultural identity, emotion recognition, customs identity, geographical identity and other ingredients. Among them, the prerequisite is that the central factors and peripheral factors, central factors including away from home, geographically proximate, cultural convergence and mutual support. Six experiments were conducted to explore whether there is a different effect towards fellow-townsman between college students study in local or non-local university. This research revealed that there was a different effect between participants towards their fellow-townsman when they are in local university and non-local university, they can show a fellow-townsman effect in non-local, while don't perform such an effect in local. Maybe the strange environment in non-local places induced different effect towards people came from the same hometown, and fellow-townsman became an important other that incorprated in self-concept when they in non-local places. Therefore, the fellow-townsman concept is not only fundamental to create a regional psychological personality, but also an important indicator of the interaction between regional cultural differences and personality differences. Fellow-townsman concept is the psychological basis national identity and national identity, however, within the nation and the state, large-scale population movement of cross-cultural adaptation is an important factor affecting social harmony.

Key words: fellow-townsman reference effect; theoretical exploration; empirical research


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